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Group of Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Interaction

General Introduction 

The interaction between the solar wind and Earth’s magnetosphere, and the geospace effects that result, comprise a fundamental driver of space weather. Understanding how this vast system works requires knowledge of energy and mass transport, and coupling between different regions. 


We use multi-point data from spacecraft such as CLUSTER, Double Star, THEMIS, ARTEMIS, Van Allen Probes and MMS as well as ground based magnetic field and remote sensing data to study the solar wind mass, momentum, and energy transport into the Earth’s magnetosphere. Using our unique multi-point data analysis techniques and other data analysis/simulation tools, we analyze spatial-temporal structures in space, their formation mechanisms, and their possible influence on space weather. The group has also carried out some study on planet magnetosphere and the solar wind/magnetosphere interaction with the earth’s moon related to the lunar water formation. Our team members have been involved in various future space missions such as SMILE and MIT by acting as one of its scientific team members.





Principal Investigator

Prof. Dr. Quanqi Shi (http://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/bencandy.php?fid=36&aid=561)


Team Members (1 Associate professor, 2 Research scientist, 1 Visiting Researcher, and 6 graduate students)

(visit http://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/bencandy.php?fid=19&id=507 for more info.)

Associate professor: Dr. Anmin Tian(http://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/bencandy.php?fid=36&aid=564)

Research scientist: Dr. Alex William Degeling(http://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/bencandy.php?fid=36&aid=983)  Dr. Motoharu Nowada(http://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/bencandy.php?fid=36&aid=1003)  Dr. Timo Pitkänen(http://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/bencandy.php?fid=36&aid=1033http://)  Dr. Jong-Sun Park

Graduate students: Shichen Bai, Shutao Yao, Shuai Zhang, Huizi Wang, Mengmeng Wang, Jinyan Zhao


Selected Research Grants

1. Magnetosphere - solar wind interaction, NSFC, Excellent Young Scientist award, 2013.1-2016.12.

2. Influence of the dawn-dusk interplanetary magnetic field on the magnetotail: Tail twisting and its effects on plasma transport, National foundation for foreign youth projects, 2018.01-2019.12.

3. Modeling ULF Wave Power Accessibility in the Magnetosphere for Radiation Belt Electron Energization, NSFC, general project, 2018.01-2021.12.

4. Solar wind discontinuity interaction with the magnetosphere, NSFC, general project, 2016.1-2019.12.

5. Study of the auroral processes in correlation with the solar wind entry events, NSFC grant for youths, 2015.1-2017.12.

6. Study of dynamics of ULF wave in the Earth magnetotail, NSFC grant for youths, 2014.1-2016.12.

7. International postdoctoral exchange plan, 2015.1-2016.12.


Selected Publications in 2013-2018

1. Bai, S., Shi, Q., Tian, A., et al. (2018). Spatial distribution and semi-annual variation of cold-dense plasma sheet, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123. https://doi.org/ 10.1002/2017JA024565.

2. Degeling et al.(2018),Control of ULF Wave Accessibility to the Inner Magnetosphere by the Convection of Plasma Density, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024874.

3. Yao, S. T., Q. Q. Shi, R. L. Guo et al. (2018). MMS observations of electron scale magnetic peak, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2017GL075711.

4. Yao S. T., X. G. Wang, Q. Q. Shi et al. (2017), Observations of kinetic-size magnetic holes in the magnetosheath, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 1990–2000, doi:10.1002/2016JA023858.

5. Shen, X.-C., M. K. Hudson, A. N. Jaynes, Q. Shi, A. Tian, S. G. Claudepierre, M.-R. Qin, Q.-G. Zong, and W. J. Sun (2017), Statistical study of the storm-time radiation belt evolution during Van Allen Probes era: CME- versus CIR-driven storms, J. Geophys. Res., 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA024100.

6. Shen X. C., Q. Q. Shi, Q.-G. Zong, A. M. Tian, M. Nowada, W. J. Sun, H. Y. Zhao, M. K. Hudson, H. Z. Wang, S. Y. Fu, and Z. Y. Pu(2017), Dayside magnetospheric ULF wave frequency modulated by a solar wind dynamic pressure negative impulse, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 1658–1669, doi:10.1002/2016JA023351.

7. Tian, A. M., X. C. Shen, Q. Q. Shi, B. B. Tang, M. Nowada, Q. G. Zong, and S. Y. Fu (2016), Dayside magnetospheric and ionospheric responses to solar wind pressure increase: Multispacecraft and ground observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA022459.

8. Yao, S. T., et al. (2016), Propagation of small size magnetic holes in the magnetospheric plasma sheet, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA022741.

9. Gou, X. C., et al. (2016), Solar wind plasma entry observed by cluster in the high-latitude magnetospheric lobes, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 4135–4144, doi:10.1002/2015JA021578.

10. Zhao, H. Y. et al. (2016), Magnetospheric vortices and their global effect after a solar wind dynamic pressure decrease, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JA021646.

11. Shen, X. C., Q.-G. Zong, Q. Q. Shi, A. M. Tian et al., Magnetospheric ULF waves with increasing amplitude related to solar wind dynamic pressure changes: The Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2015.

12. Mailyan, B., Q. Q. Shi, et al., Transpolar arc observation after solar wind entry into the high-latitude magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2015.

13. Shi,Q.Q.; Hartinger,M.D.; Angelopoulos,V.;Tian,A.M., et.al, Solar wind pressure pulse-driven magnetospheric vortices and their global consequences, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2014.

14. Xiao, T, Shi,Q.Q., Tian, AM, et al., Plasma and Magnetic-Field Characteristics of Magnetic Decreases in the Solar Wind at 1 AU: Cluster-C1 Observations, SOLAR PHYSICS, 2014.

15. Xiao, T., et al. (2015), Propagation characteristics of young hot flow anomalies near the bow shock: Cluster observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021013.

16.Tian, AM, Shi,Q Q, Zong,Q G; Du, J; Fu,S Y;Dai,Y N, Analysis of magnetotail flux rope events by ARTEMIS observations, SCIENCE CHINA-TECHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES,2014.

17. W.S. Shang, Z.H. Yao, Q.Q.Shi, W.J.Sun, S.Y. Fu, J. Liu, A.M. Tian, Q.G. Zong, Z.Y. Pu, T. Xiao, and V. Angelopoulos, Braking of high-speed flows in the magnetotail: THEMIS joint observations, Chin. Sci. Bull. 2014, 59(3): 326-334

18. Shi, Q. Q., M. Hartinger, V. Angelopoulos, Q.-G. Zong, X.-Z. Zhou, X.-Y. Zhou, A. Kellerman, A. M. Tian, J. Weygand, S. Y. Fu, Z. Y. Pu, J. Raeder, Y. S. Ge, Y. F. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. H. Yao (2013), THEMIS observations of ULF wave excitation in the nightside plasma sheet during sudden impulse events, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1029/2012JA017984.

19. Shi, Q. Q., Q.-G. Zong, S.Y. Fu, M.W. Dunlop, Z.Y. Pu, G.K. Parks, Y.Wei, W.H. Li, H. Zhang,M. Nowada, Y.B. Wang, W.J. Sun, T. Xiao, H. Reme, C. Carr, A.N. Fazakerley and E. Lucek (2013), Solar wind entry into the high-latitude terrestrial magnetosphere during geomagnetically quiet times, Nature Communications, 4:1466 doi: 10.1038/ncomms2476.



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