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Group of Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Interaction

2020-07-10  Click:[]

General Introduction

The interaction between the solar wind and Earth’s magnetosphere, and the geospace effects that result, comprise a fundamental driver of space weather. Understanding how this vast system works requires knowledge of energy and mass transport, and coupling between different regions.

We use multi-point data from spacecraft such as CLUSTER, Double Star, THEMIS, ARTEMIS, Chang’e, Van Allen Probes and MMS as well as ground based magnetic field and remote sensing data tostudy the solar wind mass, momentum, and energy transport into the Earth’s magnetosphere. Using our unique multi-point data analysis techniques and other data analysis/simulation tools, we analyze spatial-temporal structures in space, their formation mechanisms, and their possible influence on space weather. The dynamics of space weather processes are investigated using physics-based modeling and simulation, in conjunction with observations. The group also carries out studies on planetary magnetospheres and the solar wind/magnetosphere interaction with the earth’s moon, focusing on the lunar radiation environments and water formation. The team members are involved as scientific collaborators and team members in various current/future space missions, including the Chang’e, SMILE and MIT missions.

The research group has recently set up a space radiation detection laboratory, which is committed to establishing the expertise and capability to design and build cutting edge instrumentation for energetic particle detection onboard satellites and other platforms. The group is continues to make significant contributions to important missions, and is well positioned to take a prominent role in Earth and deep space exploration activities.

Principal Investigator

Prof. Dr. Quanqi Shi ( https://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/info/1065/2075.htm )

Team Members (2 professor, 1 Associate professor, 3 Research scientist, 1 Visiting Researcher, and 14 graduate students)

(Visit https://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/kytd.htm for more info.)

Prof. Dr. Alex William Degeling (https://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/info/1065/2107.htm)

Prof. Dr. Ruilong Guo (https://enapd.wh.sdu.edu.cn/info/1059/1291.htm)

Associate professor: Dr. Anmin Tian (https://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/info/1065/2084.htm)

Research scientists: Dr. Motoharu Nowada (https://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/info/1065/2108.htm)

Dr. Timo Pitkänen (https://space.wh.sdu.edu.cn/info/1065/2111.htm) Dr. Jong-Sun Park

Graduate students: Shichen Bai, Shutao Yao, Shuai Zhang, Huizi Wang, Mengmeng Wang, Wensai shang, Jinyan Zhao, Pengzhi He, Zhe Niu, Ma Xiao, Chenyao Han, Xiaoqiong Zhu, Yuchen Xiao, Zongshun Yue

Selected Research Grants

1. Influence of solar wind and magnetospheric charged particles on the lunar surface environment, NSFC, general project, 2020.1-2023.12.

2. The Impact of Space Weather on our Near-Earth environment: how local processes have global consequences, "Newton Advanced Fellowship", The Royal Society, the UK, 2019-2021.

3. Modeling ULF Wave Power Accessibility in theMagnetosphere for Radiation Belt Electron Energization, NSFC, general project, 2018.01-2021.12.

4. Influence of the dawn-dusk interplanetary magnetic field on the magnetotail: Tail twisting and its effects on plasma transport, National foundation for foreign youth projects, 2018.01-2019.12.

5. Solar wind discontinuity interactionwith the magnetosphere, NSFC, general project, 2016.1-2019.12.

6. Study of the auroral processes in correlation with the solar wind entry events, NSFC grant for youths, 2015.1-2017.12.

7. International postdoctoral exchange plan, 2015.1-2016.12.

8. Study of dynamics of ULF wave in the Earth magnetotail, NSFC grant for youths, 2014.1-2016.12.

9. Magnetosphere - solar wind interaction, NSFC, Excellent Young Scientist award, 2013.1-2016.12.

Selected Publications in 2013-2021

 1. Wang, H. Z., Zhang, J*., Shi, Q. Q.*, Saito, Y., Degeling, A. W., Rae, I. J., Zong, Q. G., Wei, Y., Liu, J., Guo, R. L., Yao, Z. H., Tian, A. M., Fu, X. H., Liu, J. Z., Ling, Z. C., Fu, S. Y., Sun, W. J., Bai, S. C., Chen, J., Yao, S. T., Zhang, H., Liu, W., Xia, L. D., Feng, Y. Y., Pu, Z. Y., (2021). Earth Wind as a Possible Exogenous Source of Lunar Surface Hydration. The Astrophysical Journal Letters. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/abd559

 2. ShuTao Yao, ZongShun Yue, QuanQi Shi*, Alexander William Degeling, HuiShan Fu, AnMin Tian, Hui Zhang, Andrew Vu, RuiLong Guo, ZhongHua Yao, Ji Liu, Qiu-Gang Zong, XuZhi Zhou, JingHuan Li, WenYa Li, HongQiao Hu, YangYang Liu, and WeiJie Sun. (2021). Statistical properties of kinetic-scale magnetic holes in terrestrial space. Earth Planet. Phys., 5(1), 63-72. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2021011

 3. J. Liu, S. T. Yao, Q. Q. Shi*, X. G. Wang*, Q. G. Zong*, Y. Y. Feng*, H. Liu, R. L. Guo, Z. H. Yao, I. J. Rae, A. W. Degeling, A. M. Tian, C. T. Russell, Y. T. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, L. D. Woodham, Z. Y. Pu, C. J. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, and B. L. Giles, (2020) Electron Energization and Energy Dissipation in Microscale Electromagnetic Environments. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 899: L31 (8pp). https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/abab92

 4. S. T. Yao, Q. Q. Shi*, R. L. Guo, Z. H. Yao, H. S. Fu, A. W. Degeling, Q. G. Zong, X. G. Wang, C. T. Russell, A. M. Tian, Y. C. Xiao, H. Zhang, S. M. Wang, H. Q. Hu, J. Liu, H. Liu, B. Li, and B. L. Giles, (2020) Kinetic-scale Flux Rope in the Magnetosheath Boundary Layer. Astrophysical Journal, 897:137. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab9620

5. S. T. Yao, M. Hamrin, Q. Q. Shi*, Z. H. Yao, A. W. Degeling, Q.‐G. Zong, H. Liu, A. M. Tian, J. Liu, H. Q. Hu, B. Li, S. C. Bai, C. T. Russell, and B. L. Giles, (2020). Propagating and dynamic properties of magnetic dips in the dayside magnetosheath: MMS observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, e2019JA026736. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA026736

 6. Bai, S.‐C., Shi, Q.*, Liu, T. Z., Zhang, H., Yue, C., Sun, W.‐J., A.M Tian, A. W. Degeling, J. Bortnik, I. J. Rae, M.M Wang (2020). Ion‐scale flux rope observed inside a hot flow anomaly. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL085933. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085933  

 7. Tian, A.*, Xiao, K., Degeling, A. W., Shi, Q., Park, J.-S., Nowada, M., & Pitkänen, T. (2020). Reconstruction of Plasma Structure with Anisotropic Pressure: Application to Pc5 Compressional Wave. The Astrophysical Journal, 889(1), 35. https://doi.org/:10.3847/1538-4357/ab6296.

 8. Shi, Q. Q.*, Shen, X.-C., Tian, A. M., Degeling, A. W., Zong, Q.-G., Fu, S. Y., Pu, Z. Y., Zhao, H. Y., Zhang, H., & Yao, S. T. (2020), Magnetosphere response to solar wind dynamic pressure change: vortices, ULF waves and aurorae. Dayside Magnetosphere Interactions, Geophysical Monograph 248, 79-97, American Geophysical Union, edited by Q.-G Zong, P. Escoubet, D. Sibeck, G. Le, and H. Zhang, ISBN: 978-1-119-50963-9, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119509592.ch5

 9. W. S. Shang, B. B. Tang, Q. Q. Shi*, A. M. Tian, X.-Y. Zhou, Z. H. Yao, A.W. Degeling, I. J. Rae, S. Y. Fu, J. Y. Lu, Z. Y. Pu, A. N. Fazakerley, M.W. Dunlop, G. Facskó, J. Liu, and M.Wang (2020). Unusual location of the geotail magnetopause near lunar orbit: A case study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, 1-13. https://doi.org/:10.1029/2019JA027401 .

 10. Zhang, S., Tian, A.*, Degeling, A. W.*, Shi, Q., Wang, M., Hao, Y., Ren, J., Liu, W. L., Zhou, X. Z., Shen, X. C., Sun, W. J., Rae, I. J., Bai, S. C. (2019). Pc4‐5 Poloidal ULF Wave Observed in the Dawnside Plasmaspheric Plume. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, 9986-9998, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA027319

 11. Bai, S.-C., Shi, Q.Q.*, Zong, Q.-G., Wang, X.G., Tian, A.M., Degeling, A.W., Yue, C., Rae, I.J., Pu, Z.Y. and Fu, S.Y. (2019). Electron Dispersion and Parallel Electron Beam Observed Near the Separatrix. Journal of Geophysical Research:Space Physics, 124, 7494-7504. http://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA026836 .

 12. Pitkanen, T.*, Kullen, A., Laundal, K. M., Tenfjord, P., Shi, Q., Park, J.-S., Hamrin, M., De Spiegeleer, A., Chong, G.S. and Tian, A. M. (2019), IMF By Influence on Magnetospheric Convection in Earth's Magnetotail Plasma Sheet, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 11,698-11,708. http://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL084190

 13. Shi, Q.Q.*, Tian, A.M., Bai, S.C., Hasegawa, H., Degeling, A.W., Pu, Z.Y., Dunlop, M., Guo, R.L., Yao, S.T., Zong, Q.-G., Wei, Y., Zhou, X.-Z., Fu, S.Y. and Liu, Z.Q. Dimensionality, Coordinate System and Reference Frame for Analysis of In-Situ Space Plasma and Field Data. Space Science Reviews. (2019) 215:35, http://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-019-0601-2 .

 14. Yao, S.T., Shi, Q.Q.*, Yao, Z.H., Guo, R.L., Zong, Q.G., Wang, X.G., Degeling, A.W., Rae, I.J., Russell, C.T., Tian, A.M., Zhang, H., Hu, H.Q., Liu, J., Liu, H., Li, B. and Giles, B.L. (2019), Electron Mirror-mode Structure: Magnetospheric Multiscale Observations, Astrophysical Journal Letters, 881: L31, http://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ab3398 .

 15. Yao, S.T., Shi, Q.Q*., Yao, Z.H., Li, J.X., Yue, C., Tao, X., Degeling, A.W., Zong, Q.G., Wang, X.G., Tian, A.M., Russell, C.T., Zhou, X.Z., Guo, R.L., Rae, I.J., Fu, H.S., Zhang, H., Li, L., Le Contel, O., Torbert, R.B., Ergun, R.E., Lindqvist, P.A., Pollock, C.J. and Giles, B.L. (2019), Waves in Kinetic-Scale Magnetic Dips: MMS Observations in the Magnetosheath. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 523-533, http://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080696 .

 16. Degeling. A. W.*, Rankin, R., Wang, Y., Shi, Q., & Zong, Q.‐G. (2019). Alteration of particle drift resonance dynamics near poloidal mode field line resonance structures. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, 7385-7401. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA026946

 17. Tian A M, Shi Q Q*, Degeling A W, Bai S S, Yao S T & Zhang S. Analytical model test of methods to find the geometry and velocity of magnetic structures. Sci China Tech Sci, 2019, 62: 1003-1014, http://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-018-9350-1 .

 18. Yao, S. T., Shi, Q. Q.*, Liu, J., Yao, Z. H., Guo, R. L., Ahmadi, N., Degeling, A.W., Zong, Q.G., Wang, X.G., Tian, A.M., Russell, C.T., Fu, S.H., Pu, Z.Y., Fu, S.Y., Zhang, H., Sun, W.J., Li, L., Xiao, C.J., Feng, Y.Y. and Giles, B.L. (2018). Electron dynamics in magnetosheath mirror-mode structures. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 5561-5570. http://doi.org/10.1029/2018JA025607 .

 19. Ling, Y., Shi, Q.*, Shen, X.-C, Tian, A., Li, W., Tang, B., Degeling, A.W., Hasegawa, H., Nowada, M., Zhang, H., Rae, I.J., Zong, Q.-G, Fu, S., Fazakerley, A.N. and Pu, Z. (2018). Observations of Kelvin-Helmholtz Waves in the Earth's Magnetotail Near the Lunar Orbit. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123: 3836-3847, http://doi.org/10.1029/2018JA025183.

 20. Nowada, M.*, Fear, R. C., Grocott, A., Shi, Q.-Q.*, Yang, J., Zong, Q.-G., Wei, Y., Fu, S., Pu, Z.-Y., Mailyan, B. and Zhang, H (2018). Subsidence of Ionospheric Flows Triggered by Magnetotail Magnetic Reconnection During Transpolar Arc Brightening. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 3398-3420. http://doi.org/10.1029/2017JA024701 .

 21. Pitkänen, T.*, Kullen, A., Shi, Q. Q., Hamrin, M., De Spiegeleer, A., &Nishimura, Y. (2018). Convection Electric Field and Plasma Convection in a Twisted Magnetotail: A THEMIS Case Study 1-2 January 2009. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 7486-7497, http://doi.org/10.1029/2018JA025688

 22. Shen, X.-C, Shi, Q.*, Wang, B., Zhang, H., Hudson, M. K., Nishimura, Y., Hartinger, M. D., Tian, A., Zong, Q., Rae, I. J., and Degeling, A. W. (2018). Dayside Magnetospheric and Ionospheric Responses to a Foreshock Transient on 25 June 2008: 1. FLR Observed by Satellite and Ground-Based Magnetometers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 6335-6346. http://doi.org/10.1029/2018JA025349 .

 23. Zhang, S., Tian, A. M.*, Shi, Q. Q., Li, H. L., Degeling, A. W., Rae, I. J., Forsyth, C., Wang, M. M., Shen, X. C., Sun, W. J., Bai, S. C., Guo, R. L., Wang, H. Z., Fazakerley, A., Fu, S. Y., and Pu, Z. Y.: Statistical study of ULF waves in the magnetotail by THEMIS observations, Ann. Geophys., 36, 1335-1346, 2018, http://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-36-1335-2018

 24. Yao, S. T., Shi, Q. Q. *, Guo, R. L.*, Yao, Z. H., Tian, A. M., Degeling, A. W., Sun, W. J., Liu, J., Wang, X. G., Zong, Q. G., Zhang, H., Pu, Z. Y., Wang, L. H., Fu, S. Y., Xiao, C. J., Russell, C. T., Giles, B.L., Feng, Y. Y., Xiao, T., Bai, S. C., Shen, X. C., Zhao, L. L., and Liu, H. (2018). Magnetospheric Multiscale Observations of Electron Scale Magnetic Peak. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 527-537. http://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075711 .

 25. Degeling, A. W.*, Rae, I. J., Watt, C. E. J., Shi, Q. Q., Rankin, R., & Zong, Q.-G. (2018). Control of ULF wave accessibility to the inner magnetosphere by the convection of plasma density. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 1086–1099. http://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024874

 26. Bai, S., Shi, Q.*, Tian, A., Nowada, M., Degeling, A. W., Zhou, X.-Z., Zong, Q.-G., Rae, I. J., Fu, S., Zhang, H., Pu, Z., and Fazakerly, A. N. (2018). Spatial Distribution and Semiannual Variation of Cold-Dense Plasma Sheet. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 464-472. http://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024565 .

 27. Yao, S. T., X. G. Wang, Q. Q. Shi*, T. Pitkänen, M. Hamrin, Z. H. Yao, Z. Y. Li, X. F. Ji, A. De Spiegeleer, Y. C. Xiao, A. M. Tian, Z. Y. Pu, Q. G. Zong, C. J. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, H. Zhang, C. T. Russell, B. L. Giles, R. L. Guo, W. J. Sun, W. Y. Li, X. Z. Zhou, S. Y. Huang, J. Vaverka, M. Nowada, S. C. Bai, M. M. Wang, and J. Liu (2017), Observations of kinetic-size magnetic holes in the magnetosheath, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 1990–2000, doi:10.1002/2016JA023858.

 28. Shen, X.-C.*, M. K. Hudson, A. N. Jaynes, Q. Shi*, A. Tian, S. G. Claudepierre, M.-R. Qin, Q.-G. Zong, and W. J. Sun (2017), Statistical study of the storm-time radiation belt evolution during Van Allen Probes era: CME- versus CIR-driven storms, J. Geophys. Res., 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA024100.

 29. Shen X. C., Q. Q. Shi*, Q.-G. Zong, A. M. Tian, M. Nowada, W. J. Sun, H. Y. Zhao, M. K. Hudson, H. Z. Wang, S. Y. Fu, and Z. Y. Pu (2017), Dayside magnetospheric ULF wave frequency modulated by a solar wind dynamic pressure negative impulse, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 1658–1669, doi:10.1002/2016JA023351.

 30. Tian, A. M., X. C. Shen, Q. Q. Shi*, B. B. Tang, M. Nowada, Q. G. Zong, and S. Y. Fu (2016), Dayside magnetospheric and ionospheric responses to solar wind pressure increase: Multispacecraft and ground observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA022459.

 31. Yao, S. T., Q. Q. Shi*, Z. Y. Li, X. G. Wang, A. M. Tian, W. J. Sun, M. Hamrin, M. M.Wang, T. Pitkanen, S. C. Bai, X. C. Shen, X. F. Ji, D. Pokhotelov, Z. H. Yao, T. Xiao, Z. Y. Pu, S. Y. Fu, Q. G. Zong, A. De Spiegeleer, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and H. Reme (2016), Propagation of small size magnetic holes in the magnetospheric plasma sheet, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA022741.

 32. Gou, X. C., Q. Q. Shi*, A. M. Tian, W. J. Sun, M. W. Dunlop, S. Y. Fu, Q. G. Zong, G. Facsko, M. Nowada, Z. Y. Pu, B. Mailyan, T. Xiao, and X. C. Shen (2016), Solar wind plasma entry observed by cluster in the high-latitude magnetospheric lobes, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 4135–4144, doi:10.1002/2015JA021578.

 33. Zhao, H. Y., X. C. Shen, B. B. Tang, A. M. Tian, Q. Q. Shi*, J. M. Weygand, Z. H. Yao, Q. -G. Zong, S. Y. Fu, S. T. Yao, T. Xiao, and Z. Y. Pu (2016), Magnetospheric vortices and their global effect after a solar wind dynamic pressure decrease, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JA021646.

 34. Shen, X. C., Q. -G. Zong, Q. Q. Shi*, A. M. Tian, W. J. Sun, Y. F. Wang, Zhou, X. Z. Zhou, S. Y. Fu, M. D. Hartinger, and V. Angelopoulos, Magnetospheric ULF waves with increasing amplitude related to solar wind dynamic pressure changes: The Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2015.

 35. B. Mailyan, Q. Q. Shi*, A. Kullen, R. Maggiolo, Y. Zhang, R. C. Fear, Q. -G. Zong, S. Y. Fu, X. C. Gou, X. Cao, Z. H. Yao, W. J. Sun, Y. Wei, and Z. Y. Pu, Transpolar arc observation after solar wind entry into the high-latitude magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2015.

 36. Shi, Q. Q.*, M. D. Hartinger, V. Angelopoulos, S. Y. Fu, Q. -G. Zong, A. M. Tian, J. M. Weygand, J. Raeder, Z. Y. Pu, X. Z. Zhou, M. W. Dunlop, W. L. Liu, H. Zhang, Z. H. Yao, and X. C. Shen, Solar wind pressure pulse-driven magnetospheric vortices and their global consequences, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2014.

 37. Xiao, T., H. Zhang, Q. Q. Shi*, Q. -G. Zong, S. Y. Fu, A. M. Tian, W. J. Sun, S. Wang, G. K. Parks, S. T. Yao, H. Reme, and I. Dandouras (2015), Propagation characteristics of young hot flow anomalies near the bow shock: Cluster observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021013.

 38.Tian, AM*, Shi,Q Q, Zong,Q G; Du, J; Fu,S Y;Dai,Y N, Analysis of magnetotail flux rope events by ARTEMIS observations, SCIENCE CHINA-TECHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES,2014.

 39. W.S. Shang, Z.H. Yao, Q.Q.Shi*, W.J.Sun, S.Y. Fu, J. Liu, A.M. Tian, Q.G. Zong, Z.Y. Pu, T. Xiao, and V. Angelopoulos, Braking of high-speed flows in the magnetotail: THEMIS joint observations, Chin. Sci. Bull. 2014, 59(3): 326-334

 40. Shi, Q. Q.*, M. Hartinger, V. Angelopoulos, Q.-G. Zong, X.-Z. Zhou, X.-Y. Zhou, A. Kellerman, A. M. Tian, J. Weygand, S. Y. Fu, Z. Y. Pu, J. Raeder, Y. S. Ge, Y. F. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. H. Yao (2013), THEMIS observations of ULF wave excitation in the nightside plasma sheet during sudden impulse events, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1029/2012JA017984.

 41. Shi, Q. Q.*, Q.-G. Zong, S.Y. Fu, M.W. Dunlop, Z.Y. Pu, G.K. Parks, Y.Wei, W.H. Li, H. Zhang,M. Nowada, Y.B. Wang, W.J. Sun, T. Xiao, H. Reme, C. Carr, A.N. Fazakerley and E. Lucek (2013), Solar wind entry into the high-latitude terrestrial magnetosphere during geomagnetically quiet times, Nature Communications, 4:1466 doi: 10.1038/ncomms2476.